Railways through Europe maps and interoperabilty
interoperability     border lines         border stations         railway maps         miscellaneous    
printer friendly

maps and facts on European interoperability issues

The coexistence of at least four different electrification systems, a dozen of signalling systems, various clearance profiles and track gauges represent a substantial hindrance to the requirements of interoperability.
contents
voltage- and safety-systems
clearance profiles
direction of running
different track gauges
pantograph widths
various headlights


voltage- and safety-systems of main networks

map of European voltage systems
thanks to Mr. Czifra and Ola Martin Lykkja


ratio of electrified lines electrified lines voltage system
25kV 50Hz AC 15kV 16,7Hz AC 3kV DC 1,5kV DC others
Germany
about 46%
[km] 20'463 36 18'841 24 204 1'358
[%] 100 0,2 92,1 0,1 1,0 6,6
Europe
about 47%
[km] 166'939 62'872 32'264 59'234 8'618 3'951
[%] 100 37,7 19,3 35,5 5,1 2,4
Worldwide
about 20%
[km] 237'600 106'437 32'392 72'104 15'318 11'349
[%] 100 44,8 13,6 30,3 6,5 4,8
spreading of voltage systems





clearance profiles of main networks

map of European clearance profiles




direction of running on main networks

map of European directions of running
thanks to Jan Skalicky, Jirka Sponar, Martin ZednŪk, Srdjan and Ulf Kutzner





different track gauges of main networks

map of European track gauges
thanks to Kai Vehmersalo, Kevin Flynn


track gauge [mm] track length [km] ratio [%]
narrow gauge 600 2'700 0,20
610 6'900 0,52
760 5'500 0,42
891 3'000 0,23
914 6'100 0,46
950 2'800 0,21
1000 103'300 7,84
1067 110'500 8,38
standard gauge 1435 738'300 56,02
broad gauge 1524 227'500 17,26
1600 15'400 1,17
1668 15'500 1,18
1676 75'500 5,73
other gauges (about 25) 5'100 0,39
collection of track gauges used worldwide (status 2003)

Detailed information on the track gauges used in individual countries can be found in the table of » worldwide railways.





pantograph widths of main networks

map of European pantograph widths
thanks to BjÝrn Ukkestad and Juhani Pirttilahti





various headlights


Only modern motive power (since ca. 1990) of SNCF and SNCB has all three headlights, previously, only the two lower ones were generally provided (unless required for interoperability). In practice, all three lamps are always lit on TGVs and most international services, they are not necessarily lit on purely internal services.

thanks to Roland Siegele

top of page page last updated: 15. August 2007 ©1998-2014 Thorsten Büker top of page
 interoperability
 introduction

 AC networks
 DC networks
 history of 16 2/3 Hz
 comparison AC/DC

 maps and facts

 CZ electrification

 S-Bahn Berlin
 about
 links of the month
 newsletter
 sitemap
 what's new
 contact
 welcome

search
newsletter

Bookmark bei: Icio Bookmark bei: Yigg Bookmark bei: Linkarena Bookmark bei: Del.icio.us Bookmark bei: Yahoo
Bookmark bei: Technorati Bookmark bei: Google Bookmark bei: Spurl